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School of Arts & Sciences Minors

Considering a minor?

Minors must be outside of your major and concentration. Up to two courses that have been prescribed by your major as General Education requirements may be counted towards a minor. The minimum number of credits for a minor is 18. Courses that fulfill other General Education requirements or free electives may be used to complete the minor.

Double Minors Policy

You may have two minors, but courses can only count towards one of the minors. Depending upon the major, you may not be able to complete the requirements of the minors within four years or within the minimum number of credits for your degree.

Available Minors in Arts and Sciences

  • American Studies

    Program Requirements

    Students are required to take a minimum of 18 credits as follows:

    Required Courses:

    • AMS 101 - American Popular Culture (Cr: 3)

    Additional courses:

    Five AMS courses, two of which must be at the 300 level or above. AMS courses include any course with an AMS designation as well as the following:

    • ART 308 - Art in American Culture (Cr: 3)
    • ART 320 - Native American Art: Beyond Tradition (Cr: 3)
    • ENG 220 - American Short Story Cycles (Cr: 3)
    • ENG 240 - Boston in Literature and Film (Cr: 3)
    • ENG 310 - Modern American Poetry (Cr: 3)
    • ENG 337 - American Indian Literature (Cr: 3)
    • HST 225 - The Salem Witch Trials (Cr: 3)
    • HST 227 - Boston History (Cr: 3)
    • HST 229 - The American West (Cr: 3)
    • HST 230 - African-American History (Cr: 3)
    • HST 306 - New England History (Cr: 3)
    • HST 317 - Civil Rights Movement (Cr: 3)
    • HST 340 - Women in American History and Culture (Cr: 3)
    • MUS 230 - Jazz Styles (Cr: 3)
    • MUS 240 - The Rise of Rock and Roll (Cr: 3)
    • SOC 320 - Racial and Ethnic Diversity in American Society (Cr: 3)
    • SM 303 - Sport in Society (Cr: 3)

    View academic catalog and learning outcomes
  • Applied Mathematics

    Program Requirements

    Students are required to take a minimum of 19 credits as follows:

    Required Courses:

    • MTH 134 - Calculus I (Cr: 4)
    • MTH 136 - Calculus II (Cr: 3)

    Additional Courses

    • One 200 level MTH course
    • One 300 level MTH course

    Students select two from the following courses:

    • MTH courses above 120  (Cr: 6)
    • BIO 210 - Biostatistics (Cr: 3)
      Only one of BIO 210 or MTH 126 may be counted towards the minor.
    • CSC 160/160L - Introduction to Programming and Lab (Cr: 4)

    View academic catalog and learning outcomes
  • Biology

    Program Requirements

    Students are required to take a minimum of 18 credits as follows:

    Required Course

    Students select one from the following courses:

    • BIO 102/102L - Principles of Biology I and Lab (Cr: 4)
    • BIO 103/103L - Principles of Biology II and Lab (Cr: 4)

    Additional Required Courses

    Students select five from the following courses (three of which must be 200 level or higher):

    • BIO 101 - Human Biology (Cr: 3)
    • BIO 102/102L - Principles of Biology I and Lab (Cr: 4)
    • BIO 103/103L - Principles of Biology II and Lab (Cr: 4)
    • BIO 130/130L - Principles of Ecology and Lab (Cr: 4)
    • BIO 201/201L - Anatomy and Physiology I and Lab (Cr: 4)
    • BIO 202/202L - Anatomy and Physiology II and Lab (Cr: 4)
    • BIO 205 - Plant Biology (Cr: 3)
    • BIO 210 - Biostatistics (Cr: 3)
    • BIO 225 - Introduction to Biotechnology (Cr: 3)
    • BIO 226 - Marine Biology (Cr: 3)
    • BIO 242 - World Disease (Cr: 3)
    • BIO 292/292L - Microbiology and Lab (Cr: 4)
    • BIO 311/311L - Genes and Genomes and Lab (Cr: 4)
    • BIO 320/320L - Cell and Molecular Biology and Lab (Cr: 4)
    • BIO 326/326L - Immunology and Lab (Cr: 4)
    • BIO 335 - Pathophysiology (Cr: 3)
    • BIO 340 - Bioinformatics (Cr: 3)
    • BIO 350 - Human Embryology and Developmental Biology (Cr: 3)
    • CHE 105/105L - General Chemistry I and Lab (Cr: 4)
    • PHL 310 - Bioethics (Cr: 3)

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  • Computer Science

    Program Requirements

    Students are required to take a minimum of 19 credits as follows:

     

    Required Courses

     

    • CSC 101 - Introduction to Computer Science (Cr: 3)
    • CSC 160/160L - Introduction to Programming and Lab (Cr: 4)

    Additional Required Courses

    Students select two from the following courses:

    • CSC 161 - Data Structures and Algorithms (Cr: 3)
    • CSC 251 - Network Fundamentals (Cr: 3)
    • CSC 255 - Programming for Games and Interactive Technologies (Cr: 3)
    • CSC 260 - Visual Programming I (Cr: 3)
    • CSC 261 - Visual Programming II and Object-Oriented Design (Cr: 3)
    • CSC 265 - Discrete Structures (Cr: 3)
    • CSC 280 - Computer Architecture (Cr: 3)
    • CSC 380 - Operating Systems (Cr: 3)

    Additional Courses

    Two Computer Science courses, which can be drawn from the list above, provided the courses are not also being used to fulfill other requirements (Cr: 6)   
     


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  • Creative Writing

    Program Requirements

    Students are required to take a minimum of 18 credits as follows:

    Required course:

    • ENG 108 - Introduction to Creative Writing (Cr: 3)

    Additional courses:

    Students select five from the following courses, at least two of which must be at the 300 level or above:

    • CMM 207 - Writing for Media (Cr: 3)
    • DM 211 - Fundamentals of Journalism (Cr: 3)
    • DM 255 - Writing for the Screen (Cr: 3)
    • DM 338 - Feature Writing (Cr: 3)
    • ENG 207 - Creative Non-Fiction I (Cr: 3)
    • ENG 208 - Writing Poetry I (Cr: 3)
    • ENG 209 - Writing Short Fiction I (Cr: 3)
    • ENG 228 - Writing the Novel I (Cr: 3)
    • ENG 229 - Playwriting and Screenwriting I (Cr: 3)
    • ENG 305 - Writing for Inquiry (Cr: 3)
    • ENG 307 - Creative Non-Fiction II (Cr: 3)
    • ENG 308 - Writing Poetry II (Cr: 3)
    • ENG 309 - Writing Short Fiction II (Cr: 3)
    • ENG 328 - Writing the Novel II (Cr: 3)
    • ENG 336 - Nature Writing (Cr: 3)
    • ENG 340 - Playwriting and Screenwriting II (Cr: 3)

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  • Criminal Justice

    Program Requirements

    Students are required to take a minimum of 18 credits as follows:

    Required Courses

    • CJ 100 - Introduction to Criminal Justice (Cr: 3)
    • CJ 200 - Criminology (Cr: 3)

    Additional Required Courses

    Students select two from the following courses:

    • CJ 151 - Criminal Law (Cr: 3)
    • CJ 205 - The American Court System (Cr: 3)
    • CJ 210 - Police Process (Cr: 3)
    • CJ 215 - Corrections (Cr: 3)

    Additional Courses

    Students select two Criminal Justice electives at the 300 level or above. Criminal Justice electives include any course with a CJ designation and:

    • POL 343 - Constitutional Law (Cr: 3)
    • POL 430 - Human Rights (Cr: 3)

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  • English

    Program Requirements

    Students are required to take a minimum of 18 credits as follows:

    Required course:

    • ENG 102 - Introduction to Literary Studies (Cr: 3)

    Additional courses:

    Five English courses, three of which must be at the 300 level or above.  (Cr. 15)


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  • Environmental Studies

    Program Requirements

    Students are required to take a minimum of 18 credits as follows:

    Required Courses:

     

    • BIO 130/130L - Principles of Ecology and Lab (Cr: 4)
      or
    • ENV 140 - Environmental Biology and Field Studies (Cr: 3)
    • ENV 220/220L - Environmental Science and Lab (Cr: 4)

    Additional Courses:

    Students select four electives from three disciplines. Environmental Studies electives include any course within an ENV designation and:

    • BIO 130/130L - Principles of Ecology and Lab (Cr: 4)
    • BIO 205 - Plant Biology (Cr: 3)
    • BIO 242 - World Disease (Cr: 3)
    • BUS 365 - Business, the Environment, and Sustainability (Cr: 3)
    • CHE 105/105L - General Chemistry I and Lab (Cr: 4)
    • CHE 106/106L - General Chemistry II and Lab (Cr: 4)
    • CHE 306 - Chemical Analysis and Instrumentation (Cr: 3)
    • ENG 336 - Nature Writing (Cr: 3)
    • HST 380 - Environmental History (Cr: 3)
    • IST 325 - World Geography (Cr: 3)
    • POL 382 - Environmental Law and Politics (Cr: 3)

    View academic catalog and learning outcomes
  • Gender Studies

    Program Requirements

    Students are required to take a minimum of 18 credits as follows:

    Required courses:

     

    • LST 121 - Introduction to Gender Studies (Cr: 3)
    • PSY 304 - Psychology of Gender (Cr: 3)
      or
    • PSY 325 - Human Sexuality (Cr: 3)

    Additional Courses

     Students select four of the following courses:

    • ART 315 - Women and the Arts (Cr: 3)
    • BIO 101 - Human Biology (Cr: 3)
    • CMM 306 - Social Impact of the Media (Cr: 3)
    • ENG 230 - Rebels and Misfits (Cr: 3)
    • ENG 315 - Women Writers (Cr: 3)
    • HST 340 - Women in American History and Culture (Cr: 3)
    • LST 210 - Gender and Science (Cr: 3)
    • LST 350 - Male Images in Story and Film (Cr: 3)
    • NU 313 - Care of Childbearing Families (Cr: 5)
    • PSY 304 - Psychology of Gender (Cr: 3)
    • PSY 325 - Human Sexuality (Cr: 3)
    • SM 303 - Sport in Society (Cr: 3)
    • SOC 101 - Introduction to Sociology (Cr: 3)
    • SOC 302 - Social Problems (Cr: 3)

    View academic catalog and learning outcomes
  • History

    Program Requirements

    Students are required to take a minimum of 18 credits as follows:

    Required Course

     

    • HST 201 - Contemporary Approaches to History (Cr: 3)

    Additional Courses

    Five history courses, two of which must be at the 300 level or above.  (Cr. 15)

    History courses include any course with an HST designation and REL 251 Religion in American Life.

     


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  • Human Services

    Program Requirements

    Students are required to take a minimum of 18 credits as follows:

    Required Courses:

     

    • HMS 100 - Introduction to Human Services (Cr: 3)
    • HMS 310 - Crisis Intervention (Cr: 3)

    Additional Courses:

     Students may select only one CJ course to complete the minor.

    Choose two from the macro level:

     

    • CJ 241 - Victimology (Cr: 3)
    • CJ 320 - Community Corrections (Cr: 3)
    • HMS 187 - Mozambique Service Project (Offered in Spain) (Cr: 2)
    • HMS 305 - Social Policy (Cr: 3)
    • HMS 330 - Non-Profits for Social Change: Philanthropy in Action (Cr: 3)
    • HMS 387 - Costa Rican Culture and Community Service Project (Cr: 3)
    • SOC 215 - The Family (Cr: 3)
    • SOC 230 - Death and Dying (Cr: 3)

    Choose two from the micro level:

     

    • CJ 341 - Domestic Violence (Cr: 3)
    • HMS 300 - Contemporary Issues in Human Services (Cr: 3)
    • HMS 324 - Addictive Behaviors (Cr: 3)
    • HMS 327 - The Victimization of Children (Cr: 3)
    • HMS 357 - Workplace and School Violence (Cr: 3)
    • HMS 440 - Understanding and Treating Sexual Trauma: Theory, Research and Practice (Cr: 3)
    • PSY 335 - Theories of Counseling (Cr: 3)
    • PSY 435 - Group Therapy: Theory and Practice (Cr: 3)

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  • International Studies

    Program Requirements

    Students are required to take a minimum of 18 credits as follows:

    Required Courses

    Internship / Study Abroad Experience

    Students minoring in international studies are encouraged to study abroad. Those who do so may meet some of the minor's requirements in their study abroad program.

    • IST 100 - Introduction to International Studies (Cr: 3)
    • IST 315 - Intercultural Communication (Cr: 3)
    • IST 325 - World Geography (Cr: 3)

    Additional required courses

    Students select three from the following courses or any course with an IST prefix:

    In addition, two semesters of a foreign language are highly recommended.


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  • Legal Studies

    Program Requirements

    Students are required to take a minimum of 18 credits as follows:

    Required courses:

    • CJ 410 - Law and Society (Cr: 3)
    • POL 213 - American Government and Politics (Cr: 3)

    Additional courses

    Students select four from the following courses:

    • BUS 302 - Legal Environment for the Business Manager (Cr: 3)
    • CJ 151 - Criminal Law (Cr: 3)
    • CJ 205 - The American Court System (Cr: 3)
    • CJ 300 - The Juvenile Justice System (Cr: 3)
    • CJ 301 - Criminal Procedure (Cr: 3)
    • CMM 380 - Media Ethics (Cr: 3)
    • HST 225 - The Salem Witch Trials (Cr: 3)
    • HTM 360 - Hospitality Legal Perspectives (Cr: 3)
    • POL 382 - Environmental Law and Politics (Cr: 3)
    • SM 405 - Sport Law (Cr: 3)

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  • Professional Writing

    Program Requirements

     Students are required to take a minimum of 18 credits as follows:

    Required Courses

     

    • ENG 110 - Introduction to Professional Writing (Cr: 3)
    • ENG 218 - Argument Based Writing (Cr: 3)
      English majors will need to substitute a professional writing elective for ENG 218.

    Additional Courses

    Students select four electives from the following list, two of which must be at the 300-level

    • ART 266 - Writing in the Arts Seminar (Cr: 3)
    • BUS 270 - Communicating in Business (Cr: 3)
    • CMM 204 - Promotional Writing (Cr: 3)
    • CMM 207 - Writing for Media (Cr: 3)
    • DM 211 - Fundamentals of Journalism (Cr: 3)
    • DM 338 - Feature Writing (Cr: 3)
    • ENG 103 - Speech (Cr: 3)
    • ENG 207 - Creative Non-Fiction I (Cr: 3)
    • ENG 305 - Writing for Inquiry (Cr: 3)
    • ENG 307 - Creative Non-Fiction II (Cr: 3)
    • ENG 340 - Playwriting and Screenwriting II (Cr: 3)
    • HTM 374 - Hospitality Organizational Behavior (Cr: 3)
    • IST 315 - Intercultural Communication (Cr: 3)
    • SM 225 - Sport and the Media (Cr: 3)
    • SM 350 - The Sport Enterprise (Cr: 3)

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  • Psychology

    Program Requirements

    Students are required to take a minimum of 18 credits.

    Required course

     

    • PSY 100 - General Psychology (Cr: 3)

    Additional courses

    Five Psychology courses, three of which must be at the 300 level or above.


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  • Religious Studies

    Program Requirements

    Students are required to take a minimum of 18 credits as follows:

    Required Courses

     

    • PHL 332 - Religion and Its Critics: Studies in Philosophy of Religion (Cr: 3)
    • REL 104 - World Religions (Cr: 3)

    Additional Courses

     Students select one from the following courses:.

    • REL 245 - Eastern Religions (Cr: 3)
    • REL 255 - Western Religious Thought (Cr: 3)

    Students select three from the following courses:

    These can include any REL course or from the following list:

    • ART 100 - Art and World Culture (Cr: 3)
    • ENG 223 - The Bible as Literature (Cr: 3)
    • ENG 367 - Eastern Literature and Haiku (Cr: 3)
    • HMS 330 - Non-Profits for Social Change: Philanthropy in Action (Cr: 3)
    • PHL 217 - Ancient and Medieval Philosophy (Cr: 3)
    • PSY 360 - Psychology of Spirituality (Cr: 3)

    View academic catalog and learning outcomes
  • Security Studies

    Program Requirements

    Students are required to take a minimum of 18 credits as follows:

    Required Courses

    • SST 100 - Introduction to Contemporary U.S. Security Studies (Cr: 3)
    • SST 201 - Global Risk: Assessing and Managing Transnational Threats (Cr: 3)

    Additional Courses

    Students select four courses from three disciplines. Security Studies courses include any course with an SST designation and:

    • CJ 230 - Technology Applications in Criminal Justice (Cr: 3)
    • CJ 354 - International Justice (Cr: 3)
    • CSC 230 - Cyber Threats and Security (Cr: 3)
    • ENV 216 - Natural Disasters and Catastrophes (Cr: 3)
    • HMS 310 - Crisis Intervention (Cr: 3)
    • HST 245 - The History of Modern China (Cr: 3)
    • HST 260 - Modern Latin American History and Culture (Cr: 3)
    • HST 280 - Middle East History (Cr: 3)
    • HST 302 - Russia: From Revolution to the Post-Soviet Era (Cr: 3)
    • IST 112 - Introduction to Peace Studies (Cr: 3)
    • IST 215 - The New Europe (Cr: 3)
    • IST 216 - International Conflicts (Cr: 3)
    • POL 110 - World Politics (Cr: 3)
    • POL 240 - American Foreign Policy (Cr: 3)
    • POL 260 - Identity Politics (Cr: 3)
    • POL 430 - Human Rights (Cr: 3)
    • PSY 305 - Social Psychology (Cr: 3)
    • SOC 302 - Social Problems (Cr: 3)

    A foreign language course is also recommended.


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  • Sociology

    Program Requirements

    Students are required to take a minimum of 18 credits as follows:

    Required Course

    • SOC 101 - Introduction to Sociology (Cr: 3)

    Additional Courses

    Students select five courses including three courses with a SOC designation and two from the following list:

    • CJ 200 - Criminology (Cr: 3)
    • CJ 355 - Race and Justice (Cr: 3)
    • CJ 410 - Law and Society (Cr: 3)
    • CMM 306 - Social Impact of the Media (Cr: 3)
    • HMS 305 - Social Policy (Cr: 3)
    • HMS 327 - The Victimization of Children (Cr: 3)
    • IST 216 - International Conflicts (Cr: 3)
    • PSY 240 - Research Methods (Cr: 3)
    • PSY 241 - Statistical Methods in the Social Sciences (Cr: 3)
    • PSY 305 - Social Psychology (Cr: 3)

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  • Spanish

    Program Requirements

    Students are required to take a minimum of 18 credits.

    Six Spanish courses, two of which must be at the 300 level or above.


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  • Victimology

    Program Requirements

    Students are required to take a minimum of 18 credits as follows:

    Required Course

     

    • CJ 100 - Introduction to Criminal Justice (Cr: 3)
      or
    • HMS 100 - Introduction to Human Services (Cr: 3)
      only if CJ 100 is required for the student's major

    Additional Courses

    Students select five from the following courses:

    • CJ 241 - Victimology (Cr: 3)
      required unless it is one of the student's major requirements
    • CJ 341 - Domestic Violence (Cr: 3)
    • HMS 310 - Crisis Intervention (Cr: 3)
    • HMS 357 - Workplace and School Violence (Cr: 3)
    • HMS 327 - The Victimization of Children (Cr: 3)
    • HMS 440 - Understanding and Treating Sexual Trauma: Theory, Research and Practice (Cr: 3)
    • POL 430 - Human Rights (Cr: 3)
    • PSY 335 - Theories of Counseling (Cr: 3)

    View academic catalog and learning outcomes